AMERICAN TWILL, wrongly called "Shalloon".
The name given to the ordinary twill weave 2/2 by the American traders. "Shalloon" applied to this twill is not correct, since a shalloon is a very good quality woollen cloth (see Shalloon), whereas American twills are cotton fabrics. The American cloth varies in weight, such as 38-in., 64 X 60, 36/24, 2 X 2 twill. 36-in., 68 X 66, 40/32, 2 X 2 twill. ————————
A light woollen cloth used as linings for coats, liveries, etc., made from hard-twisted yarns in 2 & 2 twill weave, usually 30-in. to 40-in. wide and 36 yards long. Dyed in browns and blacks principally. It was originally manufactured at Chalons in France, whence it was first imported, and of which its name is a corruption.

Dictionary of the English textile terms. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shalloon — Shal*loon , n. [F. chalon, from Ch[^a]lons, in France, where it was first made.] A thin, loosely woven, twilled worsted stuff. [1913 Webster] In blue shalloon shall Hannibal be clad. Swift. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shalloon — [sha lo͞on′, shəlo͞on′] n. [Fr chalon, after Châlons sur Marne, town in N France] a twilled woolen fabric used largely for linings …   English World dictionary

  • shalloon — noun Etymology: Châlons sur Marne, France Date: 1665 a lightweight twilled fabric of wool or worsted …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • shalloon — /sha loohn /, n. a light, twilled woolen fabric used chiefly for linings. [1655 65; < F chalon, after Châlons sur Marne, where made] * * * …   Universalium

  • shalloon — noun a) A fabric of tightly woven wool, mainly used for the linings of articles of clothing. b) A band for tying the tail of a wig, made of such material …   Wiktionary

  • shalloon — light twilled wool or worsted Fabric and Cloth …   Phrontistery dictionary

  • shalloon — n. light wool twill used as lining for clothes …   English contemporary dictionary

  • shalloon — shal·loon …   English syllables

  • shalloon — shal•loon [[t]ʃæˈlun[/t]] n. tex a light, twilled woolen fabric used chiefly for linings • Etymology: 1655–65; < F chalon, after Châlons sur Marne, where made …   From formal English to slang

  • shalloon — shəˈlün noun ( s) Etymology: Châlons sur Marne, northeast France : a lightweight twilled fabric of wool or worsted used chiefly for linings of coats and uniforms …   Useful english dictionary

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